Learn about the necessity of using a VPN when conducting business on public Wi-Fi.
Learn about the necessity of using a VPN when conducting business on public Wi-Fi.
Encryption has been in the news for months. From Apple’s highly-publicized battle with the FBI, to WhatsApp’s announcement they’ve added end-to-end encryption throughout their app, encryption has definitely been in the forefront. With all this encryption buzz, we wanted to take a step back and look at the basics behind the news.
Encryption is a way to secure and protect digital data, information and communications sent over the Internet or other networks. As described by How To Geek, encryption is “taking some information that makes sense and scrambling it so it becomes gibberish.”
Encryption uses an algorithm to scramble data, so it cannot be viewed by anyone except those with the “key.” As described by CSM the key is a “very large number that an encryption algorithm uses to change the data back not a readable form.” Only people with the key can read the unencrypted data.
In technical terms: encryption converts data from plaintext into a form called ciphertext using an algorithm and encryption key. The ciphertext can only be opened (decrypted) with the correct key.
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Today we are going to discuss the contingency plan and the fallback plan. This topic is very important from a PMP and PMI-RMP exam point of view. You may see a few questions testing your knowledge on this topic.
So understand this topic well.
Contingency and fallback plans are developed to manage identified risks. Since both plans are used to manage risks, you may wonder which plan you will use if any risk occurs.
A risk can be one of two types: identified risk, unidentified risk. Identified risks can be further divided into many categories, such as: primary risk, secondary risk, residual risk, etc. Now you may think that if any of these risks occur, which plan will you use to contain the risk?
This complicates the situation.
You have two kinds of reserves to manage the reserve: contingency reserve and management reserve. Now the question comes to mind which reserve will you use to implement the contingency plan and fallback plan?
The ever-present threat of cyber attacks, highlighted by the host of massive data breaches affecting most sectors and countries, is forcing business of all sizes to take action. Some reports tell us that cyber security is a hot topic in the boardroom, while other reports imply that the board isn’t placing enough emphasis on this thorny matter.
Nevertheless, cyber crime and its associated consequences are here to stay, and if the board is not yet asking the tough questions, it is time that it did. While some might argue that the board is ill-equipped to challenge the CISO (Chief Information Security Officer) about cyber security risks and their counter measures, several organisations have already embarked on director training in cyber security.
Although boards of directors and CEOs may not need to know why a certain type of malware can penetrate a firewall, they will need to know what their organisation is doing to address threats known to penetrate firewalls. Discussions of cyber risk at board level should include identifying which risks to avoid, accept, mitigate or transfer (through cyber insurance), as well as reviewing specific plans associated with each approach.
The majority of social media management tools are made specifically for Twitter or include Twitter along with other social networks. The following are just a sample of tools that can help you grow your audience, manage your status updates, monitor your brand, and measure your results:
Followerwonk – Followerwonk (mentioned earlier) will help you find people to connect with on Twitter based on keywords in their bio and location. You can sort or filter results by the number of followers, number they are following, and tweets (along with their authority score).
HootSuite – HootSuite allows you to manage your Twitter profiles (along with other social networks including Google+ pages) all in one place. With their tabs and column layout, you easily can monitor a variety of Twitter searches for people talking about your industry, people talking about your brand, Twitter lists, mentions, direct messages, and your home screen.
When NSA whistle-blower Edward Snowden first emailed Glenn Greenwald, he insisted on using email encryption software called PGP for all communications. But this month, we learned that Snowden used another technology to keep his communications out of the NSA’s prying eyes. It’s called Tails. And naturally, nobody knows exactly who created it.
Tails is a kind of computer-in-a-box. You install it on a DVD or USB drive, boot up the computer from the drive and, voila, you’re pretty close to anonymous on the internet. At its heart, Tails is a version of the Linux operating system optimized for anonymity. It comes with several privacy and encryption tools, most notably Tor, an application that anonymizes a user’s internet traffic by routing it through a network of computers run by volunteers around the world.
Together with John Steele, Paul Hansmeier and Paul Duffy, attorneys at Prenda Law (formerly known, among other things, as Steele Hansmeier, PLLC), he made life fairly miserable for thousands of potential defendants. Prenda sought out web users that allegedly downloaded porn illegally. The firm then filed copyright infringement lawsuits against the users, threatening a lawsuit that would rat the users out for downloading porn and also subject them to a substantial statutory penalty for copyright infringement. Prenda promised that it could make all of that go away for a few thousand dollars (you can read more about the scheme here). Reportedly, the firm raked in millions as a result.
Gibbs wasn’t actually a member of the firm; he was “Of Counsel” – first to Steele & Hansmeier and then to Prenda. “Of Counsel” is sort of the equivalent of an independent contractor in the legal field: you have an affiliation but you’re not a bona fide employee of the firm.
For many years, I've worked as a technical editor and writer. As a result, I've had the privilege of proofreading the work of some truly brilliant, highly educated people. I've also had to write highly technical material that was then reviewed by experts. The review process is usually cordial and intellectually stimulating. Educated people are generally grateful when you fix their typos and their dangling participles.
They tend to be tough but fair when criticizing your writing. They generally stick to a rational discussion of facts. So I was unprepared for the kind of comments I got from the general public after I started blogging. Occasionally, someone would say something like, "Wow, that's interesting." But most of the comments are nothing more than poison pen letters: abusive nonsense intended to serve no other purpose than to provoke an emotional response. In short, I often get attacked by Internet trolls.
Every now and then I have an application that is subject to a secrecy order by the government that restricts disclosure of the invention and prevents the publishing or granting of a patent. I noticed that a current application being held up really doesn’t seem to contain sensitive information but the application may have triggered the order itself by making a reference in the description that one of its many uses could be by the military. It would be analogous to an invention for an improved water bottle that you might describe as being beneficial to the military (a group that often needs bottled water in far away places) but that really is ordinary, everyday technology.
If you don’t know, the Invention Secrecy Act of 1951 requires the government to impose secrecy orders on certain patent applications that contain sensitive information, thereby restricting disclosure of the invention and withholding the grant of a patent. This requirement can be imposed even when the application is wholly created and owned by a private individual or company without government sponsorship or support.